2015 Pool Declaration Safety
DEPARTMENT OF INSPECTIONS, LICENSES AND PERMITS HOWARD COUNTY MARYLAND
WATER SHALL NOT BE PLACED INTO THE POOL UNTIL A FINAL BUILDING INSPECTION IS APPROVED
THE FINAL INSPECTION WILL NOT BE APPROVED UNTIL ALL REQUIRED SWIMMING POOL SAFETY DEVICES ARE INSTALLED AND FULLY OPERATIONAL
2015 INTERNATIONAL RESIDENTIAL CODE SECTION R326 AND
INTERNATIONAL BUILDING CODE SECTION 3109 BARRIER REQUIREMENTS
SECTION 310 9 Swimming Pool Enclosures and Safety Devices3109.1 General. Swimming pools shall comply with the requirements of Sections 3109.2 through 3109.5 and other applicable requirements of the code.
3109.4 Residential swimming pools. Residential swimming pools shall be completely enclosed by a barrier complying with Sections 3109,4.1 through 3109.4.3.
Exception: A swimming pool with a power safety cover or a spa with a safety cover complying with ASTM F 1346 need not comply with this section.
3109,4.1 Barrier height and clearances. The top of the barrier shall be at least 48 inches (1219 mm) above grade measured on the side of the barrier which faces away from the swimming pool. The maximum vertical clearance between grade and the bottom of the barrier shall be 2 inches (51mm) measured on the side of the barrier which faces away from the swimming pool. Where the top of the pool structure is above grade,such as an above-ground pool, the barrier may be at ground level, such as the pool structure or mounted on top of the pool structure. Where the barrier is mounted on top of the pool structure, the maximum vertical clearance between the top of the pool structure and the bottom of the barrier shall be 4 inches (102mm).
3188.8.131.52 Openings. Openings in the barrier shall not allow passage of a 4-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere.
3184.108.40.206 Solid barrier surfaces. Solid barriers which do not have openings shall not contain indentations or protrusions except for normal construction tolerances and tooled masonry joints.
3220.127.116.11 Closely spaced horizontal members. Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is less than 45 inches (1143 mm), the horizontal members shall be located on the swimming pool side of the fence. Spacing between vertical members shall be not greater than W inches (44 mm) in width. Where there are decorative cutouts within vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall be not greater than W inches (44 mm) in width.
318.104.22.168 Widely spaced horizontal members. Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is 45 inches(1143 mm) or more, spacing between vertical members shall be not greater than 4 inches (102 mm). Where there are decorative cutouts within vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall be not greater than 1% inches (44 mm) in width.
322.214.171.124 Chain link dimension. Mesh size for chain link fences shall be not greater than a VA inch square (57 mm square) unless the fence is provided with slats fastened at the top or the bottom that reduce the opening to not more than 1% inches (44 mm).
3126.96.36.199 Diagonal members. Where the barrier is composed of diagonal members, the opening formed by the diagonal members shall be not greater than 1% inches (44 mm).
3188.8.131.52 Gates. Access doors or gates shall comply with the requirements of Section 3184.108.40.206 through 3220.127.116.11, and shall be equipped to accommodate a locking device. Pedestrian access gates shall open outward away from the pool and shall be self-closing and have a self-latching device. Doors or gates other than pedestrian access doors or gates shall have a self-latching device. Release mechanisms shall be in accordance with Sections 1010.1.9 and 1109.13. Where the release mechanism of the self latching device is located less than 54 inches (1372 mm) from the bottom of the door or gate, the release mechanism shall be located on the pool side of the door or gate 3 inches (76 mm) or more, below the top of the door or gate, and the door or gate and barrier shall be without opening larger than 1/2 inch (13 mm) within 18 inches (457 mm) of the release mechanism.
318.104.22.168 Dwelling wall as a barrier. Where a wall of a dwelling serves as part of the barrier, one of the following shall apply:
- Doors with direct access to the pool through that wall shall be equipped with an alarm which produces an audible warning when the door and/or its screen, if present, are opened. The alarm shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 2017. In dwellings not required to be Accessible units. Type A units or Type B units, the deactivation switch shall be located 54 inches (1372 mm) or more above the threshold of the door. In dwellings required to be Accessible units, Type A units or Type B units, the deactivation switch shall be located no higher than 54 inches (1372 mm) and not less than 48 inches (1219 mm) above the threshold of the door.
- The pool shall be equipped with a powered safety cover in compliance with ASTM F 1346; or
- Other means of protection, such as self-closing doors with self-latching devices, which are approved, shall be acceptable so long as the degree of protection afforded is not less than the protection afforded by Item 1 or 2 described above.
322.214.171.124 Pool Structures as Barriers. Where an aboveground pool structure is used as a barrier or where the barrier is mounted on top of the pool structure, and the means of access is a ladder or steps, then the ladder or steps shall be capable of being secured, locked or removed to prevent access, or the ladder or steps shall be surrounded by a barrier which meets the requirement of Section 3126.96.36.199 through 3188.8.131.52. Where the ladder or steps are secured, locked or removed, any opening created shall not allow the passage of a 4 - inch diameter (102 mm) sphere.
3109.4.2 Indoor swimming pool. Walls surrounding an indoor swimming pool shall not be required to comply with Section 3184.108.40.206.
3109.4.3 Prohibited locations. Barriers shall be located to prohibit permanent structures, equipment or similar objects from being used to climb the barriers.
3109.5 ENTRAPMENT AVOIDANCE. Suction outlets shall be designed and installed in accordance with ANSI/APSP7.
HOWARD COUNTY AMENDED CODE SECTION R101.2.3 - INTERNATIONAL RESIDENTAL CODER326.1 SWIMMING POOLS AND BARRIER REQUIREMENTS. The requirements of IBC Section 3109 shall apply for design and installation of swimming pools and barriers.
EXCEPTION: Alternative devices. Natural barriers, pool covers or other protective devices approved by the building official shall be an acceptable enclosure if the degree of protection by the substituted device or structure is greater than the protection afforded by the enclosures, gates, and latches described herein.